80:20

This is the ratio of wool (80%) to nylon (20%) used in the surface pile yarn, a blend that provides the softness, lustre and luxury of wool with the strength and resilience of nylon.

Axminster

The axminster name refers to the construction method of one type of woven carpet. This technique offers excellent pattern definition. Most axminster carpets are patterned.

Berber

Modern berber carpets use yarn with small flecks of dark colour blended into lighter shades of background colour. These resemble natural undyed version of the traditional berber carpet of North Africa.

Heather

A type of carpet yarn made from more than one fibre colour, resulting in a flecked, multicoloured effect.

Pile

The pile is the yarn used to form the surface of a carpet. The ‘total pile weight’ refers to the amount of pile yarn used in the carpet, generally quoted per square metre. Higher specification carpets can have a longer “deep-pile” which will feel more luxurious, or a higher density of pile rows making them harder-wearing.

PSYLO™

A unique method of axminster weaving patented by Ulster Carpets. PSYLO™ is the most technologically advanced method of weaving in the world. It renders the traditional form (jacquard and electronic jacquard) obsolete and enables carpet to be manufactured to a greater degree of design intricacy, an enhanced spectrum of colour and at an unrivalled level of efficiency.

For further info please contact: marketing@ulstercarpets.com

Tufted Carpet

In tufted carpet the pile yarn is sewn through a backing membrane and secured by latex to a secondary backing. Tufting is less time-consuming and therefore a less costly process than weaving but it lacks the colour and design flexibility of axminster.

Twist pile carpet

A type of carpet that uses yarn with a higher twist than usual to create a textured surface.

Velvet

Carpet made with low-twist cut-pile yarn, giving a plush, velvety surface.

Wilton

Wilton weaving is one of the oldest methods used in creating a machine made carpet. It has limited colour choice but a variety of textures can be achieved. It is the perfect way to produce quality textured plains.

Woven

In contrast to tufted carpet, this process brings together the pile and backing yarns to form the woven cloth, offering unrivalled strength and stability. Axminster and wilton carpets are two different types of woven carpet.